Monday, May 25, 2020

Mental Illness The Stigma Against Mental Health

Borderline Personality Disorder Arielle Loyson Western Michigan University Bronson School of Nursing One of the biggest contributors for poor healthcare is the stigma against mental health. This stigma allows healthcare providers to view those with a mental illness as having low relevance, thus creating disinclination towards providing adequate resources and/or care. This negative stance, based on misinformation and prejudice creates those that have a mental illness to lose their self confidence. Because of this loss, people with mental illness decide not to contribute to their health or livelihood. In the past fifty years, many advances have been made in mental healthcare. However, with the attached stigma, many people choose to not seek out treatment. As nurses, it extremely important for us to have an understanding of mental health so we can decrease the stigma in the healthcare profession. There shouldn’t be a difference between a â€Å"psychiatric nurse† and a â€Å"general nurse†. Since over 50% of the population suffers from a mental illness, both professions should be equally educated and sensitive towards health care issues. The purpose of this paper is to study an area of psychiatric nursing that is seen in the American culture through a television show or through a specific patient. The psychiatric illness that is being focused on is borderline personality disorder (BPD). This psychiatric illness is characterized by impulsivity, affectiveShow MoreRelatedThe Stigma Of Children With Mental Illness1608 Words   |  7 Pagesassociation with mental illness. This stigma creates a negative feedback loop in how society views people with psychiatric disabilities. Media portrays people with mental illness as scary, bad, dangerous, unpredictable, and un-educated. These views cause people to shy away and fear the mentally ill. This stigma also affects a person’s willingness to seek help when they are experiencing a mental illness. Some cultures, such as Hispanic Ca tholics, may not recognize mental illness as a health problem,Read MoreMental Illnesses And Mental Health1165 Words   |  5 PagesIntroduction World Health Organization (WHO, 2014) defines Mental health as a state of well-being in which the individual realizes his or her own abilities, can cope with the normal stresses of life, can work productively and fruitfully and is able to make a contribution to his or her community. Whereas Mental illnesses (MI) are characterized by alterations in thinking, mood or behavior associated with significant distress and impaired functioning (Health Canada, 2012). MI affects people of all agesRead MoreThe Stigma Of Mental Health Care Essay1711 Words   |  7 PagesMental health issues have been an ongoing hot topic in this country for over a century. Though many strides have been made to increase awareness and lessen the stigma, there continues to be a barrier to mental health care, especially for our nations’ youth and young adults. I will be discussing the history behind mental health care, current policies regarding it, how the presence of stigma reduces the likelihood that youth and young adults are receiving the adequate mental health care they requireRead MoreThe Stigma Of Mental Illness1602 Words   |  7 Pagescenturies have seeked to improve care and reduce stigma around those with mental illness. This began in 1942, when Harry Truman signed the National Mental Health Act, which requested the formation of a National Institute of Mental Health. Shortly after this, in 1949, the National Institute of Mental Health was established (â€Å"National Institute of Mental Health†). During the company’s 60 year lifespan they have focused on research about mental illness, educating the public, and improving the lives ofRead MoreThe Stigma Of Mental Illness1212 Words   |  5 Pagesexperiencing symptoms of mental illness. Patients suffering a physiological illness rarely hear these words, but they have begun to sound like a broken record to the mentally ill. Everyone sympathizes with the stomach, the liver, the eye, and many other organs in the bo dy when they begin to malfunction, but no one sympathizes with the brain. It is unimaginable and almost abominable for the brain to get sick. Mental illness is probably the most misconstrued and trivialized illness, and this misconceptionRead MoreMental Health Stigma, Discrimination, and Prejudice1712 Words   |  7 PagesMental Health Stigma, Discrimination and Prejudice Karen Bleicher Spring, 2009 Professor Mark Harris Social Problems 2023 To Fight Stigmas, Start with Treatment Last fall, British television broadcast a reality program called â€Å"How Mad Are You?† The plot was simple: 10 volunteers lived together for a week in a house in the countryside and took part in a series of challenges. The amazing thing was that there were no prizes at the end of the challenges. There was a very interestingRead MoreThe Stigma Associated With Mental Health1641 Words   |  7 Pagespeople with mental health illness feels diminished, devalued, and fearful because of the prejudicial attitudes and discriminatory behaviours that society held towards them. The stigma associated with mental health illness often marginalized and disenfranchises the affected individuals and families in the society, which means that they â€Å"may experience discrimination in areas of health care, employment, education, justice, and housing†(1). The feeling of fear to be discriminated against limited theRead MoreStigma And Stigma Of Stigma992 Words   |  4 PagesAround the U.S. and other countries stigma has been an issue that has caused treatment for mental health to be less effective than it should be. It is a huge issue when people believe that getting help for something that ills them is a sign of weakness or that it is not a real problem. No one ever thought that about a stomach bug or a headache, but when it comes to depression, anxiety or any other psychological issue people view it in a different light. Kids are going excused from school becauseRead MoreThe Stigma of Mental Illness1656 Words   |  7 Pagesdiagnosis might exacerbate the stigma of mental illness. In Corrigan’s study clinical diagnosis adds groupness for the collection of people with mental illness which worsens the level of prejudice (Corrigan 34). Corrigan states that this ultimately leads to overgeneralization, as there is an assumption that all individuals diagnosed with the same mental disorders behave the same way (Corrigan 34). According to Corrigan the stereo typic description of mental illness perceives to the public that, peopleRead MoreThe Effects Of Stigma Surrounding Mental Illness1658 Words   |  7 PagesMental illness is a controversial topic in recent news. From Sandy Hook to the Aurora movie theatre shooting, the effects of mental illness have sparked fierce debate and negative stigma surrounding the issue. Mental illnesses, â€Å"patterns of thoughts, feelings, or behaviors that are deviant, distressful, and dysfunctional† (Myers 562), affect 1 in 4 people at some point in their lives (Stigma and Discrimination). However, only 59.6% of people with mental illness report receiving treatment, as they

Thursday, May 14, 2020

Quotes About the Meaning of Home

Home sweet home, a place that gives you unconditional love, happiness, and comfort. It may be a place where you can bury your sorrows, store your belongings or welcome your friends. A happy home  doesnt require the trappings of opulence. Any place can be home as long as you are comfortable and secure there. If you are homesick or looking for a home of your own, these writers and thinkers can do wonders to lift your spirits. Jane Austen There is nothing like staying at home for real comfort. Vernon Baker Home is where the heart can laugh without shyness. Home is where the hearts tears can dry at their own pace. William J. Bennett Home is a shelter from storms — all sorts of storms. Sarah Ban Breathnach Be grateful for the home you have, knowing that at this moment, all you have is all you need. G.K. Chesterton ...the truth is that the home is the only place of liberty, the only spot on earth where a man can alter arrangements suddenly, make an experiment on indulging in a whim. The home is not the one tame place in a world of adventure; it is the one wild place in a world of rules and set tasks. Confucius The strength of a nation derives from the integrity of the home. Le Corbusier A house is a machine for living in. Charles Dickens Home is a name, a word, it is a strong one; stronger than magician ever spoke, or spirit ever answered to, in the strongest conjuration. Emily Dickinson Where thou art, that is home. Ralph Waldo Emerson The house is a castle which the King cannot enter. Benjamin Franklin A house is not a home unless it contains food and fire for the mind as well as the body. Billy Graham My home is in Heaven. Im just traveling through this world. Jerome K. Jerome I want a house that has got over all its troubles; I dont want to spend the rest of my life bringing up a young and inexperienced house. Joyce Maynard A good home must be made, not bought. Christian Morgenstern Home is not where you live but where they understand you. Kathleen Norris Peace — that was the other name for home. Pliny the Elder Home is where the heart is. Catherine Pulsifer Home is where we should feel secure and comfortable. Helen Rowland Home is any four walls that enclose the right person. William Shakespeare People usually are the happiest at home. Charles Swain Home is where theres one to love us. Mother Teresa Love begins by taking care of the closest ones — the ones at home. George Washington I had rather be on my farm than be emperor of the world. Angela Wood If you know youre going home, the journey is never too hard.

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Managing Conflict With Employees With Conflict And Improve...

Managing conflict with coworkers doesn t have to be difficult. In this article are eight simple rules that should both help you deal with conflict and improve your relationships at work. Rule 1: See conflict as an opportunity Your perception of conflict has a direct impact on how it plays out in your life. If you embrace conflict and see it as an opportunity to better a situation or a relationship, then you ll take on the challenge of seeing the confrontation through, regardless of how difficult it may be, because you know that the ultimate benefit of working through an issue will be worth it in the long run for both you and your working relationship with the other party. If, on the other hand, you distain conflict and would rather lie on a bed of sharp nails than address a problem with a coworker, you ll be more inclined to avoid it, mismanage it, or even deny its existence. In either case, your negative perception of conflict will prevent you from dealing with it effectively. Furthermore, avoiding conflict only makes it more likely that the issue will continue to be a source of contention with no end in sight. Keys: * Begin by breaking away from the following myths around conflict: a) Conflict is negative. b) Conflict is about winning and losing. c) Conflict, if left alone, will resolve itself. d) Conflict only impacts the parties in conflict. e) Your past determines how you handle conflict today. * The truth is, only you can determine what conflict means to you.Show MoreRelatedCompanies Must Mentor Relationships and Manage Conflicts Essay1172 Words   |  5 PagesManaging conflict and how it will undoubtingly affect the long-term success of your career. Understanding the five areas of the mentoring relationship becomes vital for all employees when effectively managing conflict. The next competency of leveraging diversity is just as important as being able to manage conflict. In leveraging diversity one must â€Å"foster an inclusive workplace where diversity and individual differences are valued and leveraged to achieve the vision and mission of the organization†Read MoreConflict, Job Designs, And Teams Are A Important Part Of Todays Organizations1014 Words   |  5 PagesOrganizational Behavior Conflict, job designs, and teams are a very important part of today’s organizations. Conflict is a struggle between people that have different views, ideas, values, goals, and beliefs (Popovic Hocenski, 2009, p.15). Conflict is inevitable. However it can be beneficial for the organization if the conflict is managed correctly. There are many different ways that conflict can be managed. One of the ways that conflict can be managed is through collaboration. Conflict can happen in aRead MoreThe Australian Workplace Is A Evolving Environment1483 Words   |  6 Pagesdiversity. Unless managed and understood properly, diversity can cause a wide range of obstacles in the Australian workplace, with the main workplace objective hindrance being miscommunication amongst employees In order for a workplace to achieve objectives, as well as promote diversity, employee relationships need to be maintained and fostered in a safe and positive workplace environment. This encompasses accepting and recognizing individuals beyond the scope of their religious beliefs, political viewsRead MoreMotivation and Conflict Resolution Essay753 Words   |  4 Pages Motivation and Conflict Resolution Conflict in the workplace is detrimental to employee motivation. An essential part of motivating employees is fostering trust and providing job satisfaction. Effectively resolving conflict is critical to the success of the organization, but is only one aspect of employee motivation. There are motivational theories that help organizations understand workplace relationships, organizational behavior, and their effects on employeeRead MoreGroups and High-Performance Teams1617 Words   |  7 Pagesleaders are able to assemble a high-performance team with good hierarchical balance, measurable and attainable goals, and appropriate communication expectations across the team. They promptly address conflict resolutions and break down all physical barriers in managing multi-city offices and dispersed employees. By paying close attention to team demographics and diversity, good leaders will establish a solid group foundation which will result in a high-performance team. Groups and High-PerformanceRead MoreManaging Any Type Of Event Or Organized Business1245 Words   |  5 PagesThere are many challenges involved in managing any type of event or organized business. Managing is defined as having authority or control over events, companies, or establishments. An example of a manger would be an administrator or someone who has executive authority. Being a manager brings about many challenges, because managers are in charge of making sure they know how to confront their employees, deal with people’s values, let them know what is expected of them ethically, and evaluate theirRead MoreManagerial Skills : The Basic Principles Of Management Essay1221 Words   |  5 Pagescontrolling. For example, the job of the supervisor is to properly instruct the employee on how to perform their work duties. Therefore, a supervisor needs a combination of managerial skills to handle a job effectively in an organization that includes conceptual, technical, human , emotional intelligence, social intelligence, systems thinking, political savvy, continuous learning, and managing diversity. Conceptual skills: justice, fairness, the difference between right and wrong, legitimacy, truth equalRead MoreThe Importance Of A Multi Directional Communication862 Words   |  4 PagesI prefer to work in an environment where the power distance index is low and every member can participate in the decision-making process. For my part, multi-directional communication is more effective than top-down communication. I also enjoy the working environment that encourages creativity and innovation. Additionally, I prefer to work in an organization advocating communication and commitment. Smooth communication increases productivity. Relationships should be as important as tasks in an organizationRead MoreLeadership : A Transformational Leader1552 Words   |  7 Pagesleadership as the power to influence people to achieve the same goal, vision, or purpose. I see true leaders as great communicators with high moral standards that are not afraid of change and who continue to innovate, inspire, and empower everyone to improve or progress the group. As there are many leadership definitions, there are also various leadership styles. What stands out the most for me is transformational leadership. Burns (as cited by Crowell, 2011, pp. 81-82) described a transformational leaderRead MoreConflict Management in the Workplace1136 Words   |  5 PagesConflict Management Learning Team A: Dana Stinson, Timothy Bird, Sterling Richards, Diana Loutensock LDR/531 October 5, 2010 Richard Hartley, M.A. Conflict Management Training Program Our consulting firm, Conflict Professionals, specializes in training all levels of managers (executive, mid- and entry-level) in the art of managing conflict within their teams and organizations. What is conflict and how does it arise? Typically, it occurs when two or more people oppose one another because

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Big data free essay sample

All necessary study materials will be uploaded to UMBC Blackboard. Reference book: Management Information Systems: Managing the Digital Firm, Twelfth Edition by Kenneth C. Laudon; Jane P. Laudon. ISBN: 978-0-13-214285-4 Course Overview This course provides an introduction to the fundamental management and technology concepts related to information technology (IT) and information systems (IS). In this course, students are expected to accomplish the following goals: †¢ Get familiar with fundamental concepts related to IT, including hardware, software, databases, and Internet technologies; †¢ Demonstrate how IT supports all functional areas of the organization and business processes, with a focus on the use of IT in electronic commerce, decision support systems, business intelligence, and knowledge management; †¢ Develop necessary skills to analyze managerial and organizational issues involved in the development, implementation, and use of IT in enterprise information systems, including enterprise resource planning (ERP), supply chain management (SCM), IT outsourcing, and IT security; †¢ Understand the major social and ethical aspects of information technology, such as consumer privacy, hacking, intellectual property, anti-trust, and social computing; †¢ Get opportunity to explore research skills in the IT industry and apply it to some current IS topics. The Blackboard The UMBC blackboard website http://blackboard. umbc. edu contains critical information for the course, including lecture notes, assignment and case study discussion. It is also important for you to visit the course website frequently for important announcements. Course Documents Folder: The instructor will use his own PowerPoint presentation slides during class lecture. Note that not all topics in the textbooks will be covered in class. Other class related documents and handouts will be posted on the blackboard as well. 1 Assignment Folder: One homework assignment will be posted under the Assignment folder. Homework submission is through the blackboard submission link under this folder. Course Grading Evaluation of student performance will be based on the following items with corresponding points. Items Exam #1 Exam #2 Exam #3 Term Paper Term Paper Presentation Assignment Class Participation (Case Study) Percentage 15% 15% 20% 15% 10% 10% 15% Term Paper: Each student should select a real case to analyze in the topic of â€Å"Cloud Computing† as we discussed on the first class. You are expected to do some research on the case you selected and discuss the advantages and disadvantages of applying Cloud Computing on this particular domain, also you can give your own opinions and judgment on whether they should adopt â€Å"Cloud Computing† compared with current IT strategy, how â€Å"Cloud Computing† can help for a successful business. The final deliverable should be in a 3 ~ 5 page paper, the words should be more than 1500, and your analysis part should be more than 50% in your paper. You can use any format (like APA) in your paper, but after you decide to use one format, you need to keep it consistent from the beginning to the end. For your case selection: If you have previous IT experience or work in the IT related industry, you can use your own case to discuss any potential opportunities to apply â€Å"Cloud Computing† and will it affect your current business? You can also find lots of cases in your real life, for example, if you like music or movie, you may have heard â€Å"Apple iCloud†; if you like playing video games, you may know the service â€Å"Onlive. com†; what’s more, you may already get used to the application of â€Å"Dropbox†, while have you heard another similar one â€Å"Amazon cloud drive†? Actually, â€Å"Cloud Computing† is coming to our daily life. If you still cannot find cases, look at our textbook’s â€Å"table of contents†, each chapter topic can be applied by â€Å"Cloud Computing†. Besides, you can get help with UMBC research portal (on the UMBC library website) and internet resources like Google. com, they can be used as your references. But you should not copy and paste any opinions or analysis from there, your work will be submitted to UMBC plagiarism detection systems finally. You should submit one page proposal of term paper on 7/17 to indicate your case selection. Please briefly describe what your case is, how it is relevant to the topic of â€Å"Cloud Computing† and what you are prepared to discuss. I will look at your proposal and give you feedbacks before you proceed. Your final term paper is due by 8/14 before class, but will be accepted at any earlier time. 2 Term Paper Presentation: Each student will present their term paper to the class and lead a discussion about that topic. All students’ presentation is scheduled at the end of our course, and each student’s presentation is no more than 10 minutes. Exams: There will be 3 exams to supplement and reinforce your learning. The exams will be given during the normal class meeting times. The exams are NOT cumulative. All exams are close-book tests. Test questions consist of true/false, fill-in-the-blank, and multiple-choices. Again, if there is any conflict and you cannot make any of the exams, you must communicate with the instructor in advance to get permission for a make-up test. Otherwise, you will receive a zero grade. Generally, in order to make sure the exams are fair to everyone, there are no make-up exams. Case Study: The best way of learning MIS is to study real-world cases, and all cases will be posted on Blackboard under Course Document section. In this class, each student will select a case to study and lead the discussion on â€Å"Discussion Boards - Case Study†. Case selection will be based on a first-come, first serve basis, and please reply to the discussion thread on the case title you want to manage after our first lecture. All students should finish their case selection before our third lecture on 7/17 (otherwise, you will be assigned a case by instructor). For your selection of the case, your work is to promote your classmates to answer questions in the section of â€Å"Case Study Questions† on each case, and to summarize these answers and discussions. Finally, you should select â€Å"the best solutions you thought† to present to the entire class. I will also give feedbacks afterwards. All students are required to read and view the video of every case and all students should participate and post answers for every case on â€Å"Discussion Boards† at course Blackboard, and it is a part of your grades as â€Å"Class Participation (Case Study)†. The available case lists are (30): Case: UPS Global Operations with the DIAD IV Case: Google Data Center Efficiency Best Practices Case: How FedEx Works: Enterprise Systems Case: IT and Geo-Mapping Help a Small Business Succeed Case: National Basketball Association: Competing on Global Delivery With Akamai OS Streaming Case: Customer Relationship Management for San Franciscos City Government Case: Net Neutrality: Neutral Networks Work Case: Data Mining for Terrorists and Innocents Case: Hudsons Bay Company and IBM: Virtual Blade Platform Case: Salesforce. com: SFA on the iPhone and iPod Touch Case: Maruti Suzuki Business Intelligence and Enterprise Databases Case: Data Warehousing at REI: Understanding the Customer Case: Cisco Telepresence: Meeting Without Traveling Case: Virtual Collaboration for Lotus Sametime 3 Case: IBM Zone Trusted Information Channel (ZTIC) Case: Open ID and Web Security Case: Sinosteel Strengthens Business Management with ERP Applications Case: Ingram Micro and HR Block Get Close to Their Customers Case: M-Commerce: The Past, Present, and Future Case: Ford AutoXchange B2B Marketplace Case: LOreal: Knowledge Management Using Microsoft SharePoint Case: FreshDirect Uses Business Intelligence to Manage Its Online Grocery Case: IBM and Cognos: Business Intelligence and Analytics for Improved Decision Making Case: IBM: Business Process Management in a Service-Oriented Architecture Case: Startup Appcelerator For Rapid Rich App Development Case: Mastering the Hype Cycle: How to Adopt the Right Innovation at the Right Time Case: NASA Project Management Challenges Case: Daum Runs Oracle Apps on Linux Case: Monsanto, Cisco ANS, and Microsoft SharePoint Case: The Tester Assignment: The purpose of homework assignment is to give you hands-on exercises to get you familiar with the Microsoft software Access. I will walk you through some basic functions and the software operations so you will learn how to use Access to manage database. Assignment must be done by individuals, not a group. The homework assignment must be turned in by the specified due date and time (it is on your assignment document). Assignment handed in within 24 hours after the due time/day will receive 30% penalty. Without permission from the instructor, no assignment will be accepted more than 24 hours after the due time. Course Policy Communication The instructor will communicate with students using the students official UMBC email address. Audio/Visual Recording Policy Electronic recording of lectures is prohibited unless receiving prior approval from the instructor. Approval will be granted only for self-study purposes. Class Participation Class attendance is very useful as a means of acquiring knowledge and clarification. You will learn more if you are in class to listen, take notes, and get your questions answered. Especially, a number of exam questions are derived from lectures and class discussion. Therefore, you are required to attend all class meetings and actively engage in class interactions. To show courtesy to your classmates and the instructor, it is important that you come to class on time. Please notify the instructor for any anticipated absence due to religious holidays, or UMBC official extracurricular activity ahead of time. If you use a laptop in class, I expect you to put it in proper use – no email, IM, or games. If you break 4 this rule, you may get a yellow card. After two yellow cards, you will get a red card and you can no longer bring your laptop to class. Academic Integrity The university defines academic dishonesty as cheating, plagiarism, unauthorized collaboration, falsifying academic records, and any act designed to avoid participating honestly in the learning process. Since dishonesty harms the individual, all students, and the integrity of the university, policies on scholastic dishonesty will be strictly enforced. By teaching this course, I have agreed to observe all the faculty responsibilities described in the corresponding document. By enrolling in this course, each student assumes the responsibilities of an active participant in UMBCs scholarly community in which everyones academic work and behavior are held to the highest standards of honesty. Any dishonesty such as cheating, plagiarism, false representation, etc. that comes to my attention will result in an F in the course. Course Overview Part 1: The information age (Topic 1 ~ Topic 3) Overview of business information systems Strategic use of IS Business functions and supply chains Part 2: Information technology (Topic 4 ~ Topic 7) Business hardware, software, network communications, database and data warehouse Part 3: Web-enabled commerce (Topic 8 ~ Topic 9) The web-enabled enterprise, challenges of global IS Part 4: Decision support and business intelligence (Topic 10 ~ Topic 11) Decision support systems, expert systems, business intelligence and knowledge management Part 5: Planning, acquisition, and controls (Topic 12 ~ Topic 14) System planning and development, choices in system acquisition, risks, security, and disaster recovery 5 Course Schedule Below is a tentative schedule of lecture topics, cases and assignments. Any changes will be posted on the blackboard. Please check the announcements regularly. Date Topics 7/10 Course introduction The future of IS Business Information Systems: An Overview Types of Information Systems (IS) Strategic Use of IS Business Functions Supply Chains and ERP Business Hardware and Software Exam #1 (Topic 1 ~ 3) Business Networks and Telecommunications Databases and Data Warehouses The Web-Enabled Enterprise Challenges of Global Information Systems Decision Support Systems Expert Systems Exam #2 (Topic 4 ~ 9) Business Intelligence and Knowledge Management System Planning and Development Choices in Systems Acquisition and IT Outsourcing Network Security and IT Risk Management No Class (AMCIS 2012) Term Paper Presentations 7/12 7/17 7/19 7/24 7/26 7/31 8/2 8/7 8/9 8/14 8/16 Case Study Assignments One page proposal of term paper C1;C2;C3 C4;C5;C6 C7;C8;C9; C10 C11;C12;C13 One page proposal of term paper due Access Assignment Handout C14;C15;C16 C17;C18;C19; C20 C21;C22;C23 C24;C25;C26 Access Assignment due C27;C28;C29; Final Term Paper due C30 on 8/14 before class Term Paper Presentations Exam #3 (Topic 10 ~ 14) 6

Tuesday, April 7, 2020

Why has the membership of the major political parties declined in recent years Essay Example

Why has the membership of the major political parties declined in recent years Essay The membership of the major political parties has declined alarmingly in recent decades. In the 1950s, Labour had a million members and the Conservatives over two million, but nowadays they have 360,000 and 335,000 respectively. Parties are keen to recruit as many members as possible as they can provide important campaigning and financial support. There must be some wider reason for this phenomenon, as it did not affect just one party. Political apathy may be one factor, as people lose interest in the political system in general. Another possible reason could be the dissatisfaction the electorate feel towards the political parties of today. The class and party de-alignment arguments could also be used to explain this contrast with yesteryear- that the changes in the class system have left people unsure about whom their natural representatives are. The huge increase in floating voters may have something to do with this decline as well. Evans (1997) suggests another possibility, rather than people not participating in politics, this generation has shifted from party politics to supporting pressure groups. A politically apathetic electorate would have no interest in politics; therefore they would not join political parties. This state of mind has increased dramatically, possibly as a result of the move by the major parties in their stances. Moves, initially, by the Labour Party but subsequently by the Conservatives have left very little distinction between the parties. As the Labour Party shifted towards the centre under Blairs early leadership period, so did the Conservatives as a reaction against the Thatcher stereotype. We will write a custom essay sample on Why has the membership of the major political parties declined in recent years specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now We will write a custom essay sample on Why has the membership of the major political parties declined in recent years specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer We will write a custom essay sample on Why has the membership of the major political parties declined in recent years specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer This might have left the electorate feeling discontented, as there would not be as much political debate from two sides that operate so close to each other in their policies. Political apathy can be measured in a number of ways: party membership, turnout, and public opinion polls, although these are not completely reliable, as people might not vote for certain reasons and not join parties for reasons other than political apathy. Without a change in the attraction of politics and parties, this should not change. There would need to be more opportunity to get involved in politics than under the current political system, possibly an increase in referenda and initiatives. This might make the electorate more interested in politics, and consequently political parties. Parties and their politicians have also been given a poor image by the media in recent years, which may have resulted in people not supporting the political parties by not joining them. Incidents like the Neil Hamilton saga and the introduction of negative campaigning show politics up to be a dirty business and one that many people dont want to be a part of. The political parties have become much more centralised now, with less power allowed to the members, and this has been reflected by the membership figures. The politicians in comparison with the constituency groups now hold much more power and some people may think there is nothing to be gained from joining the parties other than funding something that they are not a part of. Party conferences, formerly a means of allowing the member a real vote, are now seen as a media charade. The de-centralisation of the main parties would probably considerably increase their membership, as the members would be in a position to have their say and not have their party managed by an elite. Traditionally, Labour has attracted working class support whereas the Conservatives have got their vote from the middle and upper class. However, according to Crewe (1977), following the emergence of an evolved class system, with a smaller working class, the traditional class boundaries have been eliminated with people making rational choices about their vote. This is the same with whichever party they are going to join, if any. People are not necessarily going to support their class representatives anymore. As these people become more sceptical and objective about the state of the different parties, so have the parties changed their policies to suit most people as opposed to their traditional voters. This has led to a loss of core support, and an increase in the floating vote. There is nothing to suggest that this trend of rational choice voting is going to change. On the contrary, if de-industrialisation continues, the movement towards rational choice voting would gather pace and membership figures would decrease further. For an election victory, the floating vote is very important but these voters will not join a party and will therefore not donate or participate in political activities. The floating electorate choose their affiliations in the short-term, and are the most objective of the different types of voters. Their only commitment is to the party that most attracts them with its various factors whose popularity can only be defined by the individual. They will not participate in party activities- such as assistance in election campaigns, donating money, etc. as they are not members. The increase in this group would explain any change in the party membership. During recent years, the trend has been to support single-issue groups as opposed to broad groups like political parties. In this pattern, there is a divide, where younger people are interested in these single-issue protest activities whereas the older generation are more dedicated to political party activity. Whereas only 6% of 15-34 year olds describe themselves as very interested in politics, 73% see themselves as particularly interested in the homeless situation, and similar proportions have concern about disabled rights, animal rights, and increased funding for the NHS. This could suggest that in the future party enrolment will decrease even more as the previous generation of party activists die out. In conclusion, there are five main reasons for the decline of party membership: an increase in political apathy, due in some considerable way to the move to the centre ground which has disillusioned more partisan support; the distrust surrounding politics, especially showed in the media coverage of sleaze and negative campaigning; the class-dealignment experienced by Britain as a result of de-industrialisation, which has left more people moving to a rational choice model of voting; this having resulted in an increase in floating voters who do not tie themselves down to one political party; and the younger generations tendency to be more interested in single-issue politics than the wide spectrum of issues in politics today. If the following continue as expected, party membership will decrease even further. To stop this movement, parties and the political system will need to change to allow the electorate a bigger role in political decision-making. It should be noted that these conclusions could also be used in the explanation of the decline in the faith of the electorate in the present political system.

Monday, March 9, 2020

The Gods Must be Crazy essays

The Gods Must be Crazy essays As the Bushmen are portrayed in the film, they are a simple and quite non-materialistic culture that lives off the land, gathering plants and hunting for their food and the survival of the entire tribe. They enjoy each other, and do not feel any need for outside intervention or modernity. When the Coke bottle drops into the tribe's midst, it creates divisions that were never there before. It illustrates how just the slightest intervention by the white man can change the ways of a culture forever. As Xi travels with the "evil thing" to the end of the world, he encounters "civilization," but it does not seem very civilized to him. He is accused of stealing a goat, and has many other misadventures before he makes it The film is a sociological study in a variety of ways, from how tools changed the lives of the hunter/gatherers forever, to the roles and values of men and women in a non-structured society. Before the Coke bottle drops from the sky, the people share their tasks equally, but after the Coke bottle is used as a tool, one person has the advantage over the others, and so the others covet the tool that was never necessary before. Suddenly, the values and mores of the women have changed. They no longer work happily together, because they are angry and jealous that only one woman commands the tool. This illustrates an important concept in society, that those with the "most tools" are the most powerful, and the most competitive. As the Bushmen compete to use the Coke bottle for various tasks, they build walls between themselves, and their society begins to change. Before the bottle, they lived simply, and continued the folkways and values of their ancestors, that had been handed down for centuries. They did not change because they did not have to, and their lifestyle worked perfectly for them. The Coke bottle created a counter-culture that ...

Friday, February 21, 2020

Planning in SWA Group Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 words

Planning in SWA Group - Essay Example This has resulted in the organization’s services been leased. The planning model that the organization intends to use is the rational model of planning (Mullins, 2010). This involves identifying the problems they are encountering, formation and evaluation of their criteria’s of planning along with the creation and implementation of alternative solutions (Murphy and Willmott, 2010). This model is mainly used in the planning of towns and their systems of transport and this paper will elaborate how SWA group manages planning. The organization will start by confirming, describing and laying out the details of the problem being encountered. This will involve first identifying the problems at hand and then defining a possible solution to begin making changes. The solution is then analyzed for the purpose of checking whether it adequately solves the problems at hand. This involves the management’s ability to come up with more creative designs, schemes and breakthroughs. This model facilitates the decision making process to become a group process since ideas will have to be shared. The organization’s competitors such as Brennerplan and the Taylor Siefker Williams group of design have experienced success in their activities due to the influences of their group decision making processes (Morgan, 2006). The decisions that result from group decisions are normally well thought of with their repercussions being evaluated. Many, diverse opinions are also offered with the best alternatives being selected to efficiently solve the issues in question. After the identification and analysis of the problems being experienced, the organization embarks on the generation of different solutions to the problem (Mullins, 2010). This will involve the suggestion and selection of up to three solutions to solve the problem along with their implementation to the problem’s site. This will involve their efforts in revitalizing the slums and developing planned u nits in the towns. Such activities will be carried out in groups for the purpose of achieving the different solutions to these problems. The emergence of alternative solutions for the organization enables the management to apply rationality in selecting the best possible solutions. The organization collects information using their available technology for the purpose of discovering alternatives to their problems. These alternatives will undergo evaluations to determine their levels of success or failure before being implemented. The analysis will provide final solutions to their problems. It will include activities such as carrying out an examination of the sites in question to determine their sensitivity and appropriateness. This assists in evaluating the consequences of the solutions they have chosen to implement. The organization will also consider the various options they have of evaluating their different solutions. This will be done before the implementation of final solutions to the sites. The organization’s competitors use different models that the management will also have to evaluate. This will be done to determine their efficiency in solving the problems before discarding them. Once the best decision has been selected, their application to the problems site will then be implemented. The above steps form the heart of the decision making